Manipur needs its life back, says Shiv Visvanathan

Over 10 years, Irom Sharmila became a symbolic foil to Army rule, to a state which could not think beyond the Army for any act of policy.

Often a phase, a body, a story of a person hangs like a question mark over a nation; stating things in a way which is unique. When a young woman called Irom Sharmila decided to fast over a decade ago, the Indian state misread her acts. They thought they would outlast her, out-think her, slander her, but every shed has a genius which can outwit a coercive state. Over 10 years, Irom Sharmila became a symbolic foil to Army rule, to a state which could not think beyond the Army for any act of policy.

Recently, the District and Sessions court Judge A. Guneswor Sharma ruled that Irom Sharmila could not be arrested because hers was not an act of suicide.


Sharmila was fasting but she did not refuse forced feeding. The same judge released her only so that the state could arrest her again. Reasons of state are more compulsive than reasons of humanity or judgment of law. A fragile woman threatened a nation state and the latter like a Puglian dog does the predictable, re-arrest her before the people could sense her sense of freedom.

Irom Sharmila is the most Gandhian figure of this generation. Like each Gandhian she is uniquely different. She does not weave, she does not spin, the only threats on her are the plastic tubes stuck into her. Her regimen is as rigorous as an ashram dweller, but her home is a hospitable bed guarded by security forces. Yet there is a joy and laughter no security force can suppress. She openly claims that she is no martyr, no fundamentalist, dying to sacrifice her life, for her life is too precious for that. She wants AFSPA to end so she can marry the man she loves, engage in ordinary things which can make life so meaningful.

She claims she just wants to return to the normalcy of living and refuses to be a monument or a statue to some cause. All she is saying simply like Simone Weil in Manipur is, “I have no right to enjoy life when that normalcy, that dream of walking and living without constraint or fear is not available to my people.”

She is right. AFSPA is a draconian band against normalcy, a way of freezing life, at 4 pm. So that the Army and insurgence can take over Manipur by 6. At 4 you can sense the tension, shops start shutting down, watch woman packing the bundles because the streets have to be deserted at six.

This is the obscenity Irom is protesting. Once you unleash an Army against your own people , the Army gets brutalised and citizens become more vulnerable, democracy dies a ritual death every day and Delhi does not even give it a footnote as it is obsessed with security. What we have here is an apolitical passé between an Army that will not risk its soldiers without AFSPA which give the demonic powers and a woman who claims that a people deserve the normalcy of life, livelihood and living. One has to go beyond the frozen script. Politics needs humility to admit it has emasculated the life of people, not only torturing innocence but destroying the innocence of Manipur. To re-arrest her is the kneejerk act of a knee-jerk society.


India as a society and the BJP as a new regime have to realise first that AFSPA is not the only solution and secondly, it distances other solutions. Tyranny as order is not an act of problem-solving and sensitive judges and intelligent officers have realised this.

I am not quoting seditious documents but reading from Justice Jeevan Reddy report which needs a second look and time-bound application. We need peace and we need to realise that the last thing India needs to do is to behave like Israel and Gaza strip. As a nation, we have to realise law and order is a loaded term. It can be insensitive for the security forces and yet it can also be a beginning of grumbling, but welcoming normalcy.

Today, AFSPA has almost become a frozen contract between the Army and insurgence to freeze politics. Irom’s rearrest merely confirms this. Let us realise that Narendra Modi cannot relate to SAARC till he renews the border areas in the North-east. The two cannot be isolated.

To even think so is silly. This is a domain which will open further as a new railway line will be built across Manipur, all the way to Burma and Thailand.


The government has to realise that it is not the middle class in Delhi that wants change. The people in Manipur also do. It needs the humanity which realises that the brutalisation of Manipuri students in South Delhi and devastation of the state may both come from the ‘of Manipur the mistake India has to exercise.

Many experts and Army officers will tell you over tea that, “these people are different. They don’t understand democracy”.

Irom’s fast is an answer to such illiteracy. It is the simple wisdom of a woman telling the Army, telling the insurgence that there is a world of life and living beyond them. If that is sedition, let me call it the highest form of patriotism, a patriotism which is a toast to life and which is intensely life giving.

One realises that politics is the art of possible. Army officers often confess that they can’t send the bodies in without AFSPA. I realised that the Army is only the wing of the state. All Irom’s fast is asking for is return to politics and to citizenship. A continued state of emergency defecates the society and democracy. And this we cannot allow.

This is the content of her appeal. It’s a prayer to return the normal everyday to Manipuri life.


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